PHILOSOPHY 13: INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY--ETHICS
PROFESSOR RICHARD ARNESON
TAS: SARAH AIKIN AND ADAM STREED
FALL, 2007

Welcome! This web page will contain links to some of the course readings (those not in the course texts at the Bookstore), class notes, announcements, and the course syllabus.

This syllabus contains information about the course that is not repeated on this web page. THIS INFORMATION INCLUDES THE CLASS BY CLASS READING ASSIGNMENTS.
Click on blue to download links.

REVISED SYLLABUS. Revised 10/31/2007. pm. See also announcements below for weeks 6-8.

WEEK 1. September 27-30
FRI: Lecture 1 NotesLecture 1 Notes

WEEK 2. October 1-7
MON: Reading: J. Mackie, "The Subjectivity of Values."
WED: Reading: R. Dworkin, "Objectivity and Truth: You'd Better Believe It."
FRI: Notes, Introduction to Mill's Utilitarianism.

WEEK 3. October 8-14
MON: Reading: Robert Adams, "Well-Being and Excellence."
WED: Reading: Richard Kraut, "Desire and the Human Good."
FRI: Notes, Utilitarianism & Consequentialism. Reading: J. J. C. Smart, "Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism."

WEEK 4. October 15-21
WED: Notes, Mill's Proof (chapter 4). Reading: John Rawls, "Classical Utilitarianism."
Lecture Notes, Mill on Justice (chapter 5).
FRI: Reading: Robert Nozick, "Side Constraints." Also Amartya Sen, "Rights and Agency." {PLEASE NOTE: only the first four sections of this essay are assigned reading.} Lecture notes, Nozick vs. Sen. Past midterm exams: 2000. Also: 2001. Also: 2002. Also: 2005.
PLEASE NOTE: These classes covered somewhat different readings, and in 2005 there was a take-home exam. Our exam will take place in class. A handout for the midterm this year was passed out at Friday's class, and is available here: ADVANCE INFORMATION ON MIDTERM.

WEEK 5. October 22-28. NO CLASS. CAMPUS CLOSED DUE TO FIRES.

WEEK 6. October 29-November 4.
MON: MIDTERM EXAM IN CLASS.
WED: The doctrine of double effect. Reading: G. E. M. Ansconbe, "War and Murder." Also Warren Quinn, "Actions, Intentions, and Consequences: the Doctrine of Double Effect."
MAKEUP CLASS: Wednesday, October 31, 5:00-5:50 p.m., Warren lecture Hall 2112. Same class repeated Thursday, November 1, 5:-5:50 p.m. Pepper Canyon Hall 121. Topic: the doctrine of doing and allowing.Notes on double effect and do/allow.
Reading: Thomas Nagel, "Agent-Relativity and Deontology." Note: The distinction between agent-neutral and agent-relative reasons is used byNagel but not actually explained by him in our text. He explains the distinction as follows: "If a reason can be given a general form which does not include an essential reference to the person who has it, it is an agent-neutral reason. For example, if it is a reason for anyone to do or want soemthing that it would reduce the amount of wretchedness in the world, then that is a neutral reason. If on the other hand the general form of a reason does include an essential reference to the person who has it, it is an agent-relative reason. For example, if it is a reason for anyone to do or want something that it would be in his interest, then that is a relative reason."
FRI : Friendship. Reading: Neera Badhwar, "Friends as Ends in Themselves."

WEEK 7. November 5-11.
MON: Reading: Peter Railton: "Consequentialism, Alienation, and the Demands of Morality."
MAKEUP CLASS: Reading: Thomas Hurka, "The Justification of National Partiality." makeup class Tuesday, November 6, 5-6 pm. Same class repeated on Wednesday, November 7, 5-6 pm, both classes in Philosophy Dept. Seminar Room, HSS 7077.Notes for Makeup Class, Hurka on partiality.
WED: Just Warfare: Reading: Michael Walzer, chapter 3 and excerpt from chapter 9 of Just and Unjust Wars.
FRI: Reading: Just War. Michael Walzer, chapter 4 and excerpts from chapters 5 & 6 of Just and Unjust Wars.

WEEK 8. November 12-18.
MON: NO CLASS. VETERANS' DAY OBSERVED.
WED: WRITING ASSIGNMENT (due November 30). Hints on writing philosophy papers. Another guide to writing philosophy papers.
Reading: Jeff McMahan, "The Ethics of Killing in War."
MAKEUP CLASS: Reading, Mill, On Liberty, chapter 1. Makeup class is Wednesday, November 14, 5-6 p.m. in HSS 7077, the Philosophy Department Seminar room (7th floor of HSS, southeast corner). Same class will be repeated on Thursday, November 15 in the same location at the same time. Makeup Lecture Notes on ch. 1.
FRI: Reading: Mill, On Liberty, chapter 3. Notes, Mill on individuality.

WEEK 9. November 19-25
MON: Lecture notes, Mill, chapters 4-5. Applying Mill's Liberty Principle--Mill's examples.
WED: Lecture notes, Kant's ethics.
FRI: NO CLASS. THANKSGIVING HOLIDAY.

WEEK 10. November 26-December 2.
MON: Recommended reading: Thomas Nagel, "Moral Luck," Also Nomy Arpaly, "Moral Worth."
FRI: WRITING ASSIGNMENT DUE IN CLASS.

WEEK 11. December 3-9.
MON: Recommended reading: Thomas Hill, "Humanity as an End in Itself."
WED: Reading: Immanuel Kant. "On a Supposed Right to Lie from Philanthropy." Also Christine Korsgaard, "The Right to Lie: Kant on Dealing with Evil."
FRI: Reading: Thomas Nagel, "Moral Luck." Also Nomy Arpaly: "Moral Worth." See Week 10, MONDAY links.

FINAL EXAM FOR PHILOSOPHY 13: FRIDAY, DECEMBER 14, from 8:00 a.m. to 11:00 a.m.
Location of final exam: CSSB 002 (our regular classroom).
Advance information on final examhandout.
PRIOR YEAR SAMPLE SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS (NOT this year's exam!).

Arneson's office hours: Tuesdays 2-3 and Thursdays 4:30-5:30 in HSS 8057.

Arneson's email: rarneson@ucsd.edu