Humanities 4: Enlightenment, Romanticism, and Revolution (1660-1848)


Professor Eric Watkins                                                                                                                  Room: Center Hall 101

Office: H&SS 8062                                                                                                                          Time: MWF 11:00-11:50

Office Hours: Monday 9:00-10:00 and by appt.                                                              Email:             

Course Webpage:


Teaching Assistants            Email                                          Office Hours                            Office location

Michael Kenny                          M 4-5, W 12-2                        GH 173B

Christine Payne                        W 12:30-2:30                          GH 185

Victor LeGrand                         W 12-2                                      GH 173D


Reading Assignments

M 1-7      Introduction pdf


Science in the Enlightenment, or The Scientific Revolution

W 1-9     Newtonian Science (no reading) pdf


Political Theory in the Enlightenment Locke READING GUIDE

F 1-11    Locke, Second Treatise of Government (1690) Chapters 1-5 (pp. 7-30) pdf

M 1-14   Locke, Second Treatise of Government, Chapters 9-11, 19 (pp. 65-74, 107-124)

W 1-16  Hume, An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding (1748) sect. 10 Sect. 10 pdf Hume READING GUIDE


Religion in the Enlightenment

F 1-18    Hume, An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding, sect. 11 Sect. 11

M 1-21   No class (MLK Jr. Day)


The Meaning of Life in the Enlightenment

W 1-23  Voltaire, Candide (1759) pdf

F 1-25    Voltaire, Candide, continued                                                                                                    First Paper Prompt


Political Theory in Transition (from Enlightenment to Romanticism)                      

M 1-28   Rousseau, Discourse on the Origin of Inequality (1754) pp. 45-75 (2nd edition) Rousseau INEQUALITY READING GUIDE pdf

W 1-30  Rousseau, On the Social Contract (1762) (pp. 156-76, 178-85) Rousseau SOCIAL CONTRACT READING GUIDE  pdf

F 2-1       Rousseau, On the Social Contract (pp. 191-205, 212-15, 218-230, 243-252)


17th & 18th Century Art

M 2-4      Art Presentation (no reading)                                                                                                  First Paper due


The Origins of Romantic Literature

W 2-6     Goethe, The Sufferings of Young Werther (1774) pdf


Enlightenment Conception of History

F 2-8       *Kant, "What is Enlightenment?" Kant ENLIGHTENMENT READING GUIDE pdf

M 2-11   Class canceled

W 2-13  *Kant, "Idea for a Universal History from a Cosmopolitan Perspective" pdf


Enlightenment Morality

F 2-15    *Kant, Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785), Section 1 pdf

M 2-18   No class (President's Day)

W 2-20  *Kant, Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785), Section 2                                Second Paper Prompt

F 2-22    *Kant, Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785), Section 2


Political Revolutions (French and American)

M 2-25   Sieyes, "What is the Third Estate?" FRENCH REVOLUTION BACKGROUND  pdf

                  *"Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen"

                  *"Declaration of the Rights of Woman"

W 2-27  The Declaration of Independence (1776) pdf

                  Madison, "Federalist Papers" (1787) 10 and 51

                  US Constitution (1787/91)


Romantic Conceptions of History, Art, and Ethics

F 3-1       Schiller, On the Aesthetic Education of Man (1794), Letters 1-9 pdf Schiller READING GUIDE


17th, 18th & 19th Century Music

M 3-4      Mike Slayen, Performance (no reading)                                                                              Second Paper due


W 3-6     Schiller, On the Aesthetic Education of Man, Letters 21-24


Religion in Romanticism               

F 3-8       Schleiermacher, On Religion, Chapters 1-2 (selections) Schleiermacher READING GUIDE pdf


Political Authority in Romanticism         

M 3-11   *Novalis, "Faith and Love" & "Fragments from the Notebooks" (1798) pdf Novalis READING GUIDE


Romantic Poetry

W 3-13  Wordsworth "Ode: Intimations of Immortality" (1807)



F 3-15    Conclusion


Final Exam

M 3-18   11:30-2:29 Final Exam (same classroom) FINAL EXAM PART IV


Required Texts:

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von. The Sufferings of Young Werther, New York, Norton, 2012 (Corngold translation).

Locke, John, Second Treatise of Government, Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company, 1980.

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. Basic Political Writings, Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company, 1987. (Second edition)

Voltaire. Candide and Related Texts, Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company, 2000.

Humanities Program Writing Handbook, 1st Edition.


A course reader (MyReader) is available from the Bookstore. * indicates that the assignment is in this reader.

Course Requirements
(1) regular attendance at lecture and section; 
(2) preparation for, and participation in, weekly discussion section; 
(3) completion of two 5-7 page papers; 
(4) a final exam. 

Final grades will be assessed as follows: first paper: 20%; second paper: 30%; final exam: 35%; section: 15%

Other Information:
1. Honor Code. The Academic Honor Code must be observed in this course.

Additionally, students agree that by taking this course all required papers will be subject to submission for textual similarity review to for the detection of plagiarism. All submitted papers will be included as source documents in the reference database solely for the purpose of detecting plagiarism of such papers. Use of the service is subject to the terms of use agreement posted on the site.

2. If accommodations are needed for a disability or religious reasons, please notify me during the first class period or as soon as possible.